Las brechas de género en el mercado laboral español y su evolución a lo largo del ciclo de vida

Empirical evidence indicates that in most developed countries, differences in the labor market between men and women are narrowing both in labor participation, as in number of hours brought, type of occupations they perform and even in remuneration. As Claudia Goldin (2004) describes in her article entitled “The silent revolution of women”, women have been changing their commitment to the labor market in a dizzying way in the last 40 years: their labor participation was very low in the middle of the last century, but its commitment to the acquisition of human capital was gradual but unstoppable from the 60s, which clearly, along with other factors, such as the development of the services sector, were facilitating the insertion of women in the world of work .

In this paper, I will present, in the first place, gender gaps in labor participation, and, subsequently, in salary / hour in Spain as well as its variation with age. To do this, use synthetic cohorts that are followed in time, which allows to detect changes throughout the life of each cohort, as well as differences in the behavior of different cohorts at the same stages of the life cycle. Later, I will try to speculate whether or not the evidence shown is consistent with some of the theories mentioned above.